DISRAELI TRIVIA

Chemineau

Le Chemineau main image Chemineau L-Izoard main image Le Chemineau main image

Le Chemineau is the brand of Joanny Panel, one of the great early derailleur innovators. Le Chemineau translates roughly as ‘the tramp’ in the sense of a penniless wanderer. The following information is largely drawn from ‘The Dancing Chain’.

Joanny Panel was a friend and disciple of Paul de Vivie, who was better known by his pen-name ‘Vélocio’. Vélocio, is generally considered to be the father of the derailleur and was the leader a small group of French cyclists, known as ‘L’École Stephanoise’ (‘The St Étienne School’), who were actively involved in experimenting with derailleurs to facilitate cycle touring.

Panel worked at Rivolier Père et Fils, a gun maker in St Étienne who had started to make bicycles. Here Albert Raimond (who was also a friend of Vélocio and went on to found the Cyclo company) was in charge of bicycle manufacture. Unlike many of the other early derailleur innovators Panel and Raimond had experience of how bicycle manufacturing worked.

In 1911 Joanny Panel left Rivolier Père et Fils to set up his own Le Chemineau company, also in St Étienne, manufacturing good quality touring bicycles. In 1912, working with Claudius Bouillier, he patented a design for his Le Chemineau derailleur. This was a development on one of Vélocio’s designs and the design was patented with Vélocio’s blessing. You can make a strong argument that the Le Chemineau derailleur was the first genuine modern commercial derailleur and that the Le Chemineau bicycle was the first genuine modern commercial derailleur bicycle.

Over his long career, Joanny Panel was associated with three different derailleur designs:

  • By far the most important was the 1912 Le Chemineau derailleur, discussed above. This was a low-normal, pull-chain, twin pulley, chainstay mounting design that greatly influenced many of the designs of the following decades. It continued in production in a basically similar form until 1949.
  • Next up was the 1927 Chemineau L’Izoard. This was designed to be retro fitted to any bicycle - a response to the growing demand for Le Cyclo derailleurs, introduced in 1923, that were seen as interchangeable cycle components.
  • Finally, in 1933, Chemineau showed a three speed, single pulley, racing model operated by a lever behind the saddle pulling a cable that runs down the right seat stay. I have never seen a picture of this design and I don’t know if it made it into production.

Although Joanny Panel did offer Le Chemineau derailleurs with fitting brackets, and did, belatedly, make a L’Izoard derailleur that was specifically designed to be retro fitted, his first priority was always to sell Le Chemineau derailleurs as part of Le Chemineau bicycles. Because of this he left open the market for derailleurs that could be retro fitted to existing bicycles, or indeed fitted as original equipment to other manufacturers models. Albert Raimond stepped into this gap with his Le Cyclo derailleur. As ever in the bicycle trade, this led to a bitter feud. Although the Le Cyclo derailleur worked with a helical mechanism, Joanny Panel harboured a burning hatred of Albert Raimond because he considered that he had stolen his ideas.

Panel was an accomplished rider, as was one of his employees, Benoit Faure. Both competed in the Tour de France, and used Le Chemineau bicycles fitted with the Le Chemineau derailleur. Through these, and other antics, Joanny Panel, a larger than life character, did much to establish derailleur gearing as a viable mainstream alternative to epicyclic hub gears.

I believe that Joanny Panel finally sold the Le Chemineau business in 1958, and died in 1970.





see also French Patent # 439,224 1912

see also French Patent # 439,224 1912

French Patent 439,224 - Le Chemineau thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens 02/1919 - Chemineau ad

see also TCF Rev Mens 02/1919 - Chemineau ad

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle February 1919 - Chemineau advert thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens 05/1919 - Chemineau ad

see also TCF Rev Mens 05/1919 - Chemineau ad

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle May 1919 - Chemineau advert thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens 09/1919 - Chemineau ad

see also TCF Rev Mens 09/1919 - Chemineau ad

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle September 1919 - Chemineau advert thumbnail






Système “Le Chemineau” 1921?

Système “Le Chemineau” 1921?

Systeme Le Chemineau scan 1 thumbnail



see also TCF Rev Mens 08/1922 - La Semaine d'Auvergne

see also TCF Rev Mens 08/1922 - La Semaine d'Auvergne

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle August 1922 - La Semaine d'Auvergne scan 1 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1923 Les résultats du 5e Championnat de la Bicyclette polymultipliée

see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1923 Les résultats du 5e Championnat de la Bicyclette polymultipliée

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle June 1923 - Les resultats du 5e Championnat de la Bicyclette polymultipliee scan 1 thumbnail



see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1924 Le 6e Critérium de la Bicyclette polymultipliée

see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1924 Le 6e Critérium de la Bicyclette polymultipliée

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle June 1924 - Le 6e Criterium de la Bicyclette polymultipliee scan 1 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 08/1924 La Semaine cycliste du Dauphiné

see also TCF Rev Mens - 08/1924 La Semaine cycliste du Dauphiné

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle August 1924 - La Semaine cycliste du Dauphine scan 1 thumbnail


see also French Patent # 613,621 1926

see also French Patent # 613,621 1926

French Patent 613,621 - Chemineau L-Izoard thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens 03/1926 - Chemineau ad

see also TCF Rev Mens 03/1926 - Chemineau ad

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle March 1926 - Chemineau advert thumbnail


see also French Patent # 642,104 1927

see also French Patent # 642,104 1927

French Patent 642,104 - Chemineau L-Izoard thumbnail


see also Opéra de Toulon programme 1928? Chemineau ad

see also Opéra de Toulon programme 1928? Chemineau ad

Opera de Toulon programme 1928 - Chemineau thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens 02/1929 - Chemineau ad

see also TCF Rev Mens 02/1929 - Chemineau ad

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle February 1929 - Chemineau advert thumbnail


see also Benoît Faure - photo 1929

see also Benoît Faure - photo 1929

Benoit Faure - photo 1929 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 02/1930 Les derniers perfectionnements du Cycle

see also TCF Rev Mens - 02/1930 Les derniers perfectionnements du Cycle

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle February 1930 - Les derniers perfectionnements du Cycle scan 1 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1930 Poly... ou pas Poly

see also TCF Rev Mens - 06/1930 Poly... ou pas Poly

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle June 1930 - Poly... ou pas Poly scan 1 thumbnail


Le Chemineau - flyer 1930

Le Chemineau - flyer 1930

Le Chemineau - flyer scan 1 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 01/1931 Les Salons du Cycle en 1930

see also TCF Rev Mens - 01/1931 Les Salons du Cycle en 1930

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle January 1931 - Les Salons du Cycle en 1930 scan 1 thumbnail



see also TCF Rev Mens - 12/1932 La bicyclette au Salon de 1932

see also TCF Rev Mens - 12/1932 La bicyclette au Salon de 1932

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle December 1932 - La bicyclette au Salon de 1932 scan 1 thumbnail


see also TCF Rev Mens - 02/1934 Chronique cyclotouristique

see also TCF Rev Mens - 02/1934 Chronique cyclotouristique

T.C.F. Revue Mensuelle February 1934 - Chronique cyclotouristique scan 1 thumbnail


see also Random French postcard - Col du Grand-Bois 1950?

see also Random French postcard - Col du Grand-Bois 1950?

Random French postcard - Col du Grand-Bois scan 1 thumbnail
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