DISRAELI DOCUMENTS

ESKA

Czech Patent 261,268 - Favorit main image Czech Patent 261,268 - Favorit main image Czech Patent 261,268 - Favorit main image


ESKA - order card 1938?

ESKA - order card 1938?

  • Publisher: ESKA
  • Date: 1938?
  • Derailleur brands: ESKA
  • Derailleurs: none
ESKA - order card scan 1 thumbnail


see also Czech Trademark # 151,621 1954

see also Czech Trademark # 151,621 1954

Czech Trademark 151,621 - Favorit thumbnail


see also Czech Trademark # 151,622 1954

see also Czech Trademark # 151,622 1954

Czech Trademark 151,622 - Favorit thumbnail


see also Czech Trademark # 153,908 1959

see also Czech Trademark # 153,908 1959

Czech Trademark 153,908 - Eska thumbnail


see also US Trademark # 725,568 1960

see also US Trademark # 725,568 1960

US Trademark 725,568 - ESKA thumbnail






see also Czech Patent # 261,268 1987

see also Czech Patent # 261,268 1987

Czech Patent 261,268 - Favorit thumbnail

The history of ESKA (and Union and Favorit) may go something like this. In the late 19th century the hub of the Czech bicycle industry formed in the city of Cheb. The Cheb museum website indicates that a company called Premier may have been making bicycles in Cheb from around 1880. There is a claim on Velobase that Favorit celebrated their 100th anniversary in 1974 indicating that Favorit, or possibly its forebear - Premier, was established in 1874. Cheb is very close to the Czech/German border, and is a mere stone’s throw from Chemnitz, the epicentre of the early German bicycle industry and home of Diamant. Cheb is also one of the main cities of what was once called the Sudetenland, where in the early 20th century, despite being part of Czechoslovakia, German was the dominant language and, arguably, the dominant culture. This seemingly simple sentence describes complexities which have led to untold suffering, death and destruction - you just can’t beat a spot of nationalism for fueling vicious idiocy.

In 1911 two employees of Premier, called Swetlik and Kastrup, formed a new bicycle manufacturing company in Cheb called Elite. They soon changed the name to ESKA (made up of the phonetic versions of the first letters of their surnames ES and KA).

In 1922 ESKA opened a factory in Rokycany, near Plzen, home of the famous beer. This plant originally branded its bicycles as Tripol.

At the end of the Second World War the government of Czechoslovakia nationalised all bicycle factories that had German investors - and this included both Premier and ESKA, which were possibly merged into one company called ESKA. This merged company may also have used the Union brand. In 1953 the operation in Rokycany may have been separated from the main ESKA company and then, in 1954, adopted the Favorit brand.

ESKA appears to have made a full range of different bikes, concentrating on volume models and leaving the exotica to Favorit.

In 1959 ESKA and Favorit appear to have merged again, although both brands were retained.

In 1996 it appears that the whole Czech bicycle industry was privatised. ESKA seems to have gone bankrupt in 2001.

In terms of derailleurs, I only know of one basic design, the ESKA Stabil in this collection.

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